Common nickname in Louisiana for crappie.
A family of large, colorful freshwater and anadromous fish that includes salmon, trout, whitefishes, graylings and chars. Widely distributed in waters of the arctic and north temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere; found in many fresh and salt waters of northern North America, Europe, Asia and New Zealand. Of great economic importance, supporting sport fisheries and commercial fisheries.
A 1, closely related but a separate species to the walleye.
A hybrid created by breeding a sauger and a walleye.
A common name for gar.
Any of dozens of the sea bass family, including grouper and some perch. Most are Atlantic species.
A member of the porgy family.
Common term for several species of freshwater trout that have access to the sea and run into the open ocean. Often, rainbow trout, brook trout and brown trout do this when located in coastal areas.
A general term for several species of seaperches (along with surfperches in the surfperch family
A family of about a dozen species; often caught but seldom sought by surf anglers. Also known as blowfish.
Freshwater trout that spend part of their lives in the sea, including rainbow (commonly called steelhead, cutthroat, brown and occasionally brook.
Several species of a true saltwater coastal fish, members of the drum family, which include seatrout, silver seatrout, spotted seatrout and weakfish (often called grey seatrout). See spotted seatrout and weakfish.
One of several species of sunfish such as rock bass and Ozark bass.
Includes many species sought by saltwater anglers; for example, mako, dusky, tiger, thresher, blacktip, whitetip, lemon and blue.
Freshwater game fish of the Far North. Its proper name is inconnu.
A member of the wrasse family, which includes wrasse, hogfish, razor fish and others. California sheephead is a different species from sheepshead and is found only on the Pacific Coast.
A member of the Porgy genus, which includes sea bream and pinfish, found in fresh water (in the Great Lakes and inland lakes) and along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts.
A steelhead strain developed in a hatchery in Skamania, Wash. See steelhead.
A skipjack herring or skipjack tuna. A common species of tuna and a term used in some areas for bluefish. Skipjack is acceptable on second reference.
Colloquial term for Pacific barracuda, which carries a heavy coating of mucous.
A member of the sunfish family, a popular game fish. Also called smallmouth. See black bass.
Small fishes found in the Pacific, Atlantic and fresh water.
A popular saltwater game fish; member of the snook family.
A member of the Salmonidae family, native to the Pacific Coast.
A deep-bodied coastal fish found in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and the Gulf of Mexico; often caught by anglers.
Two ocean species, one longbill (Atlantic Coast and the other shortbill (Pacific Coast, both members of the billfish family along with marlin and sailfish. 2. To fish with “spears” fired from spring-loaded guns.
One of the several hinds in the sea bass family; a popular tropical reef fish.
A colloquial name for brook trout and spotted seatrout.
A channel bass.
A minnow found in the Great Lakes and inland lakes.
Sometimes called Kentucky bass. See black bass.
A species of seatrout; a member with other seatrout and weakfish of the drum family found on the Atlantic Coast. Called a speck in the Chesapeake Bay region. In some areas, the word seatrout means both the spotted seatrout and the weakfish. See seatrout.
A freshwater species of sunfish.
Largest member of the minnow group in North America.
A sea-run or lake-run rainbow trout, common in the Northwest, transplanted to the Great Lakes.
Species of the bass family, which includes white perch, white bass, yellow bass. Colloquially called rockfish and striper elsewhere in the Chesapeake Bay region.
A family of large fish found in salt water and fresh water. A primitive bottom-feeding fish with a mostly cartilaginous skeleton.
General term for the dozens of species in the sucker family; often used as bait for pike and muskellunge.
Any of dozens of members of the sunfish family, including black bass. Popular sunfishes include rock bass, redbreast, green, pumpkinseed, warmouth, bluegill, longear and redear.
Collective term for dozens of species of the surfperch family, all native to the Pacific Coast except for freshwater species. Popular bait for surf fishing.
A saltwater species also called broadbill or broadbill swordfish.
A young cod or haddock, freshly caught. The term is more often used in restaurants and fish markets than among anglers.
Any larger-than-usual flat-sided fish, particularly crappie. 2. A term used in British Columbia and Alaska for chinook salmon weighing 40 to 50 or more pounds. 3. A heavy fillet of fish.
Water that is not moving; a period at the turn of the tide when there is little or no horizontal motion of the tidal water; also called slack tide.
A fishing size limit where the angler may keep fish larger than a minimum length but smaller than an upper limit length.
Shallow backwater or slack water, usually part of a swamp, bog or marsh, but in fishing terms fishable water; often a stream. Pronounced slew.
A young salmon at the stage when it leaves fresh water and descends to the ocean.
Game activity tables, developed by John Alden Knight, that list periods when game and fish are most active based on the positions of the sun and moon.
The mass of eggs produced by fish, amphibians, crustaceans, etc. To produce such a mass of eggs.
Adult fish that have recently completed spawning.
A fish sought by anglers.
Anadromous fish that return to fresh water in the spring, migrate to spawning areas and spawn during late summer or early autumn.
A colloquial and common name for weakfish. Also called grey squeteague. Colloquial names for sand seatrout and silver seatrout are sand squeteague and silver squeteague, respectively. See weakfish and seatrout.
A large wave that seems to stay in one place.
An aquatic insect important to the diet of trout. (The larvae are aquatic, not the adults).
The cutting or eroding away of a stream bank.
Accessory driven into the sand and used to hold a rod while surf-fishing.
An anchor/anchor-line connection.
A type of hook, usually with a uniform, perfect bend, extra strong wire, long point, large gap and open eye for closing onto a lure.
A cork (bobber or float) that is rigged to slide along the line, stopped by a tiny stop or bead.
A sinker designed to slip on the line.
Fixed spool-fishing gear used for spin casting or open-faced spinning 3.
A feathered fly trailing a rotating/spinning bait.
A fixed spool reel of two general types: open-faced and closed-face.
A specialized type of sinker that resembles bird shot, partially split, which allows pinching onto a line.
A type of hook. See fishhook.
The drop lines that hooks are tied to on a trotline.
A drag originally for big-game fishing reels but now also found on smaller bait-casting reels. Derives its name from the star-shaped drag adjustment control.
An additional hook placed on a lure or bait rig; also called trailer hook.
A baitfish and a game-1. American and hickory shad are coastal game species; gizzard, threadfin and others are forage fish and bait1.
A member of the shiner group often used for bait.
Trolling bait that skips on the surface. Usually a live or prepared natural bait.
A lure composed of a skirted, painted leadhead with hook from which a protruding top wire holds one or more rotating blades.
Used in catching catfish.
A heavy, thick spoon or slab lure that in fresh water is used primarily for vertical jigging. In salt water it is used for surf casting the beach as well as vertical jigging over wrecks and reefs.
A flat, metal spoon-like lure, designed by Buck Perry, with the action of a plug or crankbait.
A slender plug or topwater lure given action surface by an angler’s manipulation of the rod and reel.
An odoriferous prepared bait.
A bait that consists of a strip of natural bait. Usually a bait that is cut from the belly of a fish.
A slab or jigging spoon typically jigged vertically in fresh water.
Often used for bait by surf anglers.
Fly-fishing term, describing slack cast into the leader to create a drag-free float.
Using a sculling oar to row a boat.
In fly-casting, letting the energy of a forward cast pull slack line, thus increasing its distance.
Casting from the shore, as opposed to casting from a boat.
Fishing from shore, as opposed to fishing from a boat or by wading.
The technique of casting and fishing when the fish are spotted first.
A method of using small lures and casting them hard and at a low angle to the water.
A knot that deliberately slips under pressure; usually a loop knot.
A method of striking a fish with a fly rod in which the line is allowed to slide through the guides (slip) as the rod is pulled to one side to set the hook.
Jerking an unbaited weighted or unweighted hook through the water to catch fish.
To troll (drag a lure behind a boat at a rate of speed higher than usual.
A casting technique developed on the River Spey, Scotland. Do not confuse with spay.
Trolling with several rods.
Sometimes called American spinning or closed-face spinning. Uses a fixed spool enclosed in a nose cone so the line leaving the reel’s nose cone comes out straight.
A structure fishing method using Spoonplugs and other lures.
Fighting large fish while standing on a deck, often with rod belts/harnesses, but not sitting in a fighting chair.
Fishing from one spot; primarily shore-fishing from a permanent location.
A fly-fishing technique where line is pulled from a single-action reel, thus “stripped” from the reel.
Casting from the surf or beach. Often a general term implying surf fishing.
Sliding one’s white-water boat across the face of a standing wave, similar to the action of a surfboard on an ocean wave.
An oar used at the stern of a boat.
A pin that runs through the shaft and hub of an outboard engine propeller; designed to break under shock pressure to prevent breakage of the prop or damage to the engine.
The right-hand side of a boat or (opposite of port)
Tips of trees and brush that “stick up” from the water and provide structure, primarily for bass fishing.
Any material, plants or change in contour of the bottom of a lake or river providing orientation for fish.